Research

Recent reports

Best Management Practices for Incorporating Food Residuals into Existing Yard Waste Composting Operations view and download

This BMP manual is a written tour guide for composters embarking on the process of expanding into managing food residuals. Information is presented in four Sections, 1-Moving Toward Composting Food Residuals, 2-Operational Considerations–Things to Know Before Residuals Arrive, 3-Health, Safety and Regulations, and 4-Case Studies..  Funded by EPA Region 3

Previously Funded Projects:

NATIONAL BACKYARD COMPOST PROGRAM
National Training and outreach

Sponsors
USEPA, U of Hawaii, Composting Council, WalMart, Home Depot,
Rodale Institute, Biocycle

COMPOSTING AND COMPOST USE ON FEDERAL LANDS
Reclamation of mine spoils using compost; Composting nuisances plants; Guide to organics management for the Federal Land Manager

Sponsors
US Dept of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, E&A Environmental Consultants,
U of Florida, U of Minnesota

FOOD FOR EARTH
Promoting, studying, removing barriers to restaurant and foodservice composting, in partnership with the National Audubon Society and the foodservice industry

Sponsors
The Chinet Company, James River Corporation, Sweetheart Cup Company, Cargill, Inc., International paper, Inc., Cracker Barrel, Restaurant National Restaurant Assn., McDonald’s

COMPOST INFORMATION KIT
Education for compost users

Sponsors
U of Hawaii, Resource Recycling Systems, Barnes Nursery, Inc.

COMPOST USE GUIDELINES
Suggested specifications for compost use in various applications

Sponsors
Browning Ferris Industries, Florida Dept. of Ag and Consumer Services

BENEFICIAL USE OF COMPOST
Field demonstrations and community outreach tools in NJ; round table discussions in NY

Sponsors
USDA, Composting Council, Wheelabrator Clean Water, NY City Dept. of Environmental Protection, Cornell University, Onondaga County, NY Webster, NY, Sewer Dept., Water Environment Federation, US Geological Survey, Rutgers University, Assn. OF NJ Recyclers, NYSERDA, NY Water Environment Federation

COMPOST STABILITY AND MATURITY
Field demonstrations of various stability, maturity and growth response test

Sponsors
USDA, N-Viro International, Inc., The Rodale Institute, Composting Council

BEST PRACTICES TRAINING
Regional best composting practices training workshops
Development of training materials
Operator certification programs

Sponsors
Clean Washington Center, National Recycling Coalition – ReTAP, Procter & Gamble, Louisiana State University, Municipal Waste management Assn., Solid Waste Assn. of North America, USDA – Natural Resources Conservation Service

STANDARDS FOR FIELD SAMPLING OF COMPOST
Develop and Verify Field sampling protocols

Sponsors
U of Hawaii, Woods End Research Laboratory, U of MN

FARMER’S FIELD GUIDE TO MAKING AND USING COMPOST
A user-friendly guide to making and using quality compost on the farm

Sponsors
U of Hawaii

FIELD GUIDE TO COMPOST USE
A less technical version of the Suggested Compost Parameters and Compost Use Guidelines

Sponsors
U of Hawaii, E & A Environmental Consulting, Composting Council Marketing Committee

COMPOST INFORMATION DEVELOPMENT MANUAL AND PRODUCT QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GUIDE
Guides to help marketers tailor their product and information to the market

Sponsors
U of Hawaii

WASTE UTILIZATION RESEARCH PROGRAM
Examination of organics and industrial residuals in foodservice recycling, water conservation, non-point source pollution control and rangeland restoration

Sponsors
USDA – CSREES, Waste Education Research Consortium – New Mexico, Composting Council, Food for the Earth, N-Viro International, Inc.

TEST METHODS
Specifications and verification of test methods for labs analyzing compost

Sponsors
Procter & Gamble, Composting Council, Minnesota Compost Utilization Program, USDA – Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville

Compost Use Demonstration Projects

CALIFORNIA
Strawberries, Marigolds, broccoli, head lettuce

Sponsors
Community environmental Council, Santa Barbara County, CA Integrated Waste Management Board

CONNECTICUT
Woody nursery stock

Sponsors
Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station

FLORIDA
Tomato, squash, citrus, turfgrass, landscape ornamental horticulture, slash pine

Sponsors
Dept of Ag, Dept of Env. Protection, End-user Associations, Compost producers, U of FL- IFAS, Water Management Districts

MINNESOTA
Corn, soybeans, green house, nursery, forestry

Sponsors
U of M Dept of Agriculture and Dept. of Ecology, Compost producers

MARYLAND
Greenhouse, nursery

Sponsors
U of Maryland, Nuserymen’s Association

MASSACHUSETTS
Apple, strawberries, blueberries, landscape plants

Sponsors
U of Massachusetts at Amherst

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Sod production silage corn

Sponsors
U of New Hampshire, Dept of Env. Services, Dept of Transportation, New Hampshire Soil Conservation Service

NEW JERSEY
Container plants, field nurseries, turfgrass, revegetation, reforestation

Sponsors
Dept of Ag, Dept. of Env. Protection, Compost Producers, Rutgers-Agricultural Experiment Station, Recycling Forum, Assn of NJ Recyclers

NEW YORK
Sod production, vineyards, silage corn, forestry

Sponsors
State University of NY at Stony Brook, Cornell University, Dept of Economic Development, DeLalio Sod Farms, Compost producers, Suffolk County

WASHINGTON
Lettuce, tomatoes, potatoes, carrots, wheat, grapes, turfgrass, Christmas trees

Sponsors
Dept of Ag., Dept of Ecology, Compost Producers, U of Washington, Cooperative Extension

Other Past Foundation Research Initiatives

COMPOSTING FACILITY DATA BASE
Statistics on facilities in the U.S.

Sponsors and Cooperators
Warner-Lambert, Inc.

COMPOSTING RESEARCH DATABASE
Abstracts and summaries of published research

Sponsors and Cooperators
Cornell University, U of Washington

COMMERCIAL ORGANICS COMPOSTING PILOT PROJECTS
In Seattle, a survey of commercial organics waste generators, pilot collection and composting ,compost testing

Sponsors and Cooperators
Weyerhaeuser, Inc.

RESIDENTIAL ORGANICS COMPOSTING PILOT PROJECT
In Seattle, pilot collection of residential organics, composting, compost testing

Sponsors and Cooperators
Weyerhaeuser, Inc.

COMPOSTING COST STUDY
Statistics on composting costs by facility size, feedstock, location, etc.

Sponsors and Cooperators
Waste Management, Inc.

BIOAEROSOLS ASSOCIATED WITH COMPOSTING FACILITIES
State-of-the-knowledge report on bioaerosols

Sponsors and Cooperators
USDA, USEPA, National Institute of Occupational Safety & Health, Browning-Ferris Industries