State Compost Regulations

Looking for information about a state’s composting permits, laws or regulations? Need a contact in the state for questions or more information?

Just click on the state to view:

  • State Regulatory Agency
  • State Composting Regulations (PDF)
  • State Composting Regulations (Website)
  • State Law/Legislation Code
  • Permit Requirements
  • Permit Exemptions
  • Legislation Last Updated
  • Primary State Contact
  • Composting Programs
  • Resources
  • For the definitions of these terms, click here


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STATE: ALABAMA

Regulatory Agency: Alabama Department of Environmental Management Land Division
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Alabama State Regulations
State Regulations (Website): N/A
State Law/Legislation Code: ADEM Admin. Code r. 335-13-x-.xx
Chapter 335-13-14- 14-1,14-11

Permit Requirements: No person may receive, store or process solid
waste for composting without being properly permitted by the Department of Environmental Management Land Division as per Chapter 335-13-14-.04
Permit Exemptions: Facilities that receive solid waste and generate compost for use solely at their site, AND On-site composting as defined by Rule 335-13-14-.02. However, if any on-site compost is used for revenue generation, then the generator is not exempt.
Legislation Last Updated: April 3, 2012
Primary State Contact:
Scott Story, Chief
Solid Waste Engineering Section
Solid Waste Branch
Land Division
(334) 271-7764
sss@adem.state.al.us
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: N/A

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STATE: ALASKA

Regulatory Agency: Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Alaska State Regulations
State Regulations (Website): N/A
State Law/Legislation Code: Title 18: Environmental Conservation, Chapter 60:
Solid Waste Management
Permit Requirements: Contact Office For More Information.
Permit Exemptions: Any treatment operation that treats less than 5 tons/day or less than 10 tons/batch is exempt unless causing or contributing to a threat to public health, safety or welfare, or the environment or the works causes/contributes to a nuisance.
Legislation Last Updated: October 29, 1998
Primary State Contact:
Rebecca Colvin, Program Coordinator
Alaska Dept. of Environmental Conservation
Solid Waste Program
555 Cordova Street
Anchorage, AK 99501
(907) 269-7802
Fax: (907) 269-7600
rebecca.colvin@alaska.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: N/A

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STATE: ARIZONA

Regulatory Agency: Arizona Department of Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): Arizona State Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Arizona Public Health Services, Title 18, Chapter 09, Article 10: consisting of Sections R18-9-1001 through R18-9-1014 and Appendix A, recodified from 18 A.A.C. 13, Article 15 at 7 A.A.R. 2522
Permit Requirements: Composting facilities shall submit a Notice to ADEQ. In addition, composting facilities may be subject to Aquifer Protection Permit (APP) requirements, if there is potential for discharge of pollutants to the groundwater.
Permit Exemptions: N/A
Legislation Last Updated: February 2, 2004
Primary State Contact:
J.B.Shaw
Recycling Coordinator
Arizona Department of Environmental Quality
1110 West Washington Street
Phoenix, AZ 85007
(602) 771-5613
Fax: (602) 771-2234
js15@azdeq.gov
OR
Mike Prigge, P.E.
Manager
ADEQ Solid Waste Plan Review Unit
1110 W. Washington St.
Phoenix, AZ 85007
(602) 771-4136
Fax: (602) 771-2234
mnp@azdeq.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: N/A

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STATE: ARKANASAS

Regulatory Agency: Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Arkansas Regulations PDF
State Regulations (Website): N/A
State Law/Legislation Code: Regulations of the Arkansas Pollution Control and Ecology Commission:
Regulation 22 Chapter 8: Solid Waste Management Rules adopted by EPA’s Resource and Recovery Conservation Act, Subtitle D
Permit Requirements: Composting permit applications are classified according to the type of waste authorized for composting
Permit Exemptions: Outlined in Reg.22.801(e) including the composting of less than 50 (fifty) tons or 500 (five hundred) cubic yards per year of incoming yard waste
Legislation Last Updated: March 28, 2007
Primary State Contact:
Benjamin T. Jones
Chief of the Solid Waste Division
Arkansas Dept. of Environmental Quality
5301 Northshore Drive
North Little Rock, Arkansas 72118-5317
(501) 682-0600
jonesb@adeq.state.ar.us
OR
Bryan Leamons, P.E.
Engineer Supervisor
ADEQ – Solid Waste Management Division
(501) 682-0601
leamons@adeq.state.ar.us
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: The Composting Process

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STATE: CALIFORNIA

Regulatory Agency: California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle)
State Composting Regulations (PDF): California Regulations PDF
State Regulations (Website): California Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: California Code of Regulations: Title 14, Natural Resources–Division 7 Sections 40502, 43020, and 43021
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used
Permit Exemptions: N/A
Legislation Last Updated: May 5, 2010
Primary State Contact:
Ken Decio
Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle)
1001 I Street
Sacramento, CA 95814
(916) 341-6313
Ken.Decio@CalRecycle.ca.gov
Composting Programs: California Composting Workgroup: http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/compost/
California’s Proposed Regulations: http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/Laws/Rulemaking/Compost/default.htm
Resources: Organic Materials Management

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STATE: COLORADO

Regulatory Agency: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Colorado Regulations PDF
State Regulations (Website): Colorado Regulations State Law/Legislation Code: Colorado Solid Waste Regulations 6 CCR 1007-2
Permit Requirements: Anyone operating a Class I or II facility must obtain a certificate of designation
Permit Exemptions: Class III, IV and V composting facilities, (A Class III facility must submit a design and operations plan for review and approval by the Division and local governing body. A design and operations plan is not required for a Class IV or V composting facility.) And those outlined in Section 14.1.2 Exemptions
Legislation Last Updated: November 19, 2013
Primary State Contact:
Curt Stovall
Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
Solid Waste Program
(303) 692-2295
curt.stovall@state.co.us
Composting Programs: Colorado Composting
Resources: Compost Guidance Stakeholder Meetings

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STATE: CONNETICUT

Regulatory Agency: Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): Solid Waste Regulations
Organics Laws & Regulations
Recycling Laws & Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: :
Solid Waste Management CGS Chapter 446d Sec. 22a-207 through 22a-256ee
Soil Amendments and Agricultural Liming Material CGS Chapter 427b Sections 22-111aa to 22-111yy
Permit Requirements: Varies depending on size, feedstock, location and composting process used. See Large Scale Organics Management
Permitting Resources
Permit Exemptions: Leaf Composting requires Registration instead of permit; Home and On-Site Composting do not require solid waste permit. General Permit for some small-scale composting and transfer activities
Legislation Last Updated: October 1, 2013
Primary State Contact:
KC Alexander
Organics Recycling Specialist
Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP)
Recycling Program
(860) 424-3239
Kathy.Alexander@ct.gov
Composting Programs:
Composting and Organics Recycling
Food Residual and Compost Site Database & Map
Resources: Recycling Program
Operator Training & Educational Resources
Solid Waste Management in Connecticut

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STATE: DELAWARE

Regulatory Agency: Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Delaware Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Delaware Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Delaware Regulations : Administrative Code : Title 7 : 1000 : 1300 Sections 2-3
Permit Requirements: To obtain an approval, a person must submit a written plan of operation demonstrating to the DNREC that the composting facility owner and operators understand and will apply the principles and proper methods of composting. The plan also must demonstrate that the composting facility will be operated in a manner that will not pose a threat to human health and the environment. The plan must include a written statement explaining the intended use of the compost.
Permit Exemptions: Individual Household Composting
Legislation Last Updated: February 2, 2010
Primary State Contact:
Mindy Anthony
DNREC-Solid & Hazardous Waste Mgmt Section
89 Kings Hwy
Dover, DE 19901
(302) 739-9403
Fax: (302) 739-5060
Mindy.Anthony@state.de.us
Composting Programs: Guidelines for Yard Waste Composting Facilities
Resources: Delaware offers a competitive recycling grant and loan program. Composting assistance may be available in future grant and loan offerings. Please click here for the most up to date information: http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/dwhs/Pages/RecyclingGrants.aspx

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STATE: FLORIDA

Regulatory Agency: Florida Department of Environmental Conservation
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Florida Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Florida Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Rule Chapter: 62-709
Permit Requirements: Permit/ Registration process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used as outlined in Chapter 62-709.3
Permit Exemptions: Backyard composting, and those outlined in Chapter 62-709.305 Exemptions
Legislation Last Updated: February 15, 2010
Primary State Contact:
Michell Smith
Engineering Specialist IV
Division of Waste Management
Bureau of Solid and Hazardous Waste
Solid Waste Section, MS 4565
2600 Blair Stone Road
Tallahassee, Florida 32399-2400
(850) 245-8721
michell.m.smith@dep.state.fl.us
Composting Programs: Composting/Organics Recycling Program Main Menu
Resources: Compost Use in Florida

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STATE: GEORGIA

Regulatory Agency: Georgia Department of Natural Resources, State Parks and Historic Sites Division
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): Georgia Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: 391-3-4-.16 Composting.
Permit Requirements: A permit may be obtained upon the approval of a design and operation plan prepared by a professional engineer registered to practice in Georgia as outlined in Chapter 391-3-4-.16(b)
Permit Exemptions: Yard trimmings composting operations
Legislation Last Updated: June 27, 1993
Primary State Contact:
Stephanie Busch
Solid Waste Management Program
4244 International Parkway
Suite 104
Atlanta, GA 30354
(404) 362.2692
Fax: (404) 362.2693
Stephanie.Busch@dnr.state.ga.us
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: Composting At Home In Georgia

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STATE: HAWAII

Regulatory Agency: Hawaii Department Of Health Solid Waste Section State Composting Regulations (PDF): Hawaii Regulations PDF
State Regulations (Website): N/A
State Law/Legislation Code: Department of Health Chapter 58.1 Title 11 Subchapter 4 – Solid Waste Reclamation Facilities
Permit Requirements: State of Hawaii Department of Health Environmental Management Division Solid and Hazardous Waste Branch Permit Application for Solid Waste Management Facility Permit Exemptions: Exemptions are outlined in §11-58.1-04, but these exemptions do not apply to facilities regulated by 40 CFR 258
Legislation Last Updated: January 13, 1994
Primary State Contact:
Lene Ichinotsubo
Environmental Engineer
Hawaii Department of Health
919 Ala Moana Blvd. #210
Honolulu, HI 96814
(808) 586-4226
Fax: (808) 586-7509
lene.ichinotsubo@doh.hawaii.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: Department of Health Fact Sheet

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STATE: IDAHO

Regulatory Agency: Idaho Department of Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Idaho Regulations
State Regulations (Website): N/A
State Law/Legislation Code: 58.01.06 – Solid Waste Management Rules
Permit Requirements: Idaho issues site, design, operating plan and closure plan approvals. A facility owner/operator must demonstrate compliance with applicable requirements in the Solid Waste Management Rules.
Permit Exemptions: Backyard composting sites
Legislation Last Updated: April 2, 2003
Primary State Contact:
Dean Ehlert
Solid Waste Program Coordinator
Idaho Dept of Environmental Quality
1410 N. Hilton
Boise, ID 83706
(208) 373-0416
Fax: (208) 373-0154
dean.ehlert@deq.idaho.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: Processing (Composting) Facility Guidance and Checklists for Tier II and Tier III Processing Facilities

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STATE: ILLINOIS

Regulatory Agency: Illinois Environmental Protection Agency
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Illinois Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Illinois Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Title 35: Environmental Protection
Subtitle G: Waste Disposal
Chapter I: Pollution Control Board
Subchapter i: Solid Waste and Special Waste Hauling
Part 830 Standards for Compost Facilities
Permit Requirements:
General Application for Permit LPC-PA1
Application for a Permit to Develop a Composting Facility LPC-PA6 Instructions
The permit application must be approved by a licensed engineer. There are no state application fees.
Permit Exemptions: Operations with no more than 25 cubic yards of landscape waste, composting material or end-product compost on-site at any one time and is not engaging in commercial activity, OR those outlined in Section 830.105 and Section 830.104
Legislation Last Updated: November 23, 1998
Primary State Contact:
Ted.Dragovich@illinois.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: Landfills
Transfer Stations
Compost Facilities

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STATE: INDIANA

Regulatory Agency: Indiana Department of Environmental Management
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Indiana Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Indiana Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Statutes : Indiana Code 13-20-10
Permit Requirements: All owners or operators of a composting facility for vegetative matter must register with IDEM
Permit Exemptions: Residences and farming operations where materials generated remain on-site, operations that processes less than two thousand (2,000) pounds of vegetative matter during a year, and the temporary storage of vegetative matter where only an incidental amount of composing will occur
Legislation Last Updated: N/A
Primary State Contact:
Jamie Miller
Environmental Manager
Indiana Department of Environmental Management
Solid Waste Permits Section
(317) 232-8731
Fax: (317) 2323403
jamiller1@idem.in.gov
Composting Programs: Recycle Indiana
Resources: Indiana’s registered composting facilities

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STATE: IOWA

Regulatory Agency: Iowa Department of Natural Resources
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Iowa Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Iowa Regulations Website
State Law/Legislation Code: Iowa Administrative Code 567 Chapter 105 Organic Materials Composting Facilities
Composting Facility Permit Application Form, Financial Assurance, and Operator Certification Required
Permit Requirements: Composting Facility Permit Application Form, Financial Assurance, and Operator Certification Required
Permit Exemptions: Yard waste or household organic waste composted and used on the same premises where it originated, and those outlined in IAC 567—105.2
Legislation Last Updated: March 24, 2010
Primary State Contact:
Amy Buckendahl
Environmental Specialist
Iowa Department of Natural Resources
Wallace State Office Bldg. 502 E 9th St.
Des Moines, IA 50319-0034
(515) 281-8150
Fax: (515)281-8895
amy.buckendahl@dnr.iowa.gov
Composting Programs: Iowa DNR Composting Information
Resources: Senate File 306: An Act providing for the reduction and recovery of excess food items by the department of natural resources- Introduced

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STATE: KANSAS

Regulatory Agency: Kansas Department of Health and Environment
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Kansas Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Kansas Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Chapter 65 Article 34 Part 2
Permit Requirements: Sites under 1/2 acre in composting area are required to register and sites that are 1/2 acre and over in composting area must obtain a permit. Permit requirements vary based on feedstock.
Permit Exemptions: N/A
Legislation Last Updated: July 1, 2013
Primary State Contact:
Ken Powell
Environmental Scientist
Kansas Department of Health and Environment
Bureau of Waste Management
Solid Waste Permits Section
SW Processing and Planning Facilities Unit
1000 SW Jackson, Suite 320
Topeka, KS 66612-1366
(785) 296-1121
Fax: (785) 296-1592
kpowell@kdheks.gov
Composting Programs: Kansas Composting Program
Resources: Adequacy of Waste Reduction Practices in Kansas

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STATE: KENTUCKY

Regulatory Agency: Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): Kentucky Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: 401 KAR 48:200. Land farming and composting
Permit Requirements: Solid waste composting facilities must register by submitting form DEP 7059A. Special waste composting facilities who compost special waste for distribution must obtain a full operating permit by submitting forms DEP 7021A, DEP 7094D, and form DEP 7094J
Permit Exemptions: N/A
Legislation Last Updated: October 1, 1990
Primary State Contact:
Bob Bickner
Division of Waste Management
Solid Waste Branch
Registered Permit-By-Rule Section – Supervisor
200 Fair Oaks Ln., 2nd Floor
Frankfort, KY 40601
(502) 564-6716
Bob.Bickner@ky.gov
OR
Robin Green
Division of Waste Management
Solid Waste Branch
Permit Administration Section- Supervisor
(502) 564-6716
RobinC.Green@ky.gov
Composting Programs: Kentucky Compost Manual
Resources: N/A

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STATE: LOUISIANA

Regulatory Agency: Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality State Composting Regulations (PDF): Lousiana Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Louisana Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Title 33 Environmental Quality
i Environmental Regulatory
Part VII. Solid Waste
Subpart 1. Solid Waste Regulations. Chapter 7.
Permit Requirements: Solid Waste Permit Applications
Permit Exemptions: N/A
Legislation Last Updated: February 2014
Primary State Contact:
Hoa Van Nguyen
P.O. Box 4312
Baton Rouge, LA 70821-4312
(225)219-3047
HoaVan.Nguyen@la.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: N/A

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STATE: MAINE

Regulatory Agency: Maine Department of Environmental Protection
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Maine Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Maine Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Maine Solid Waste Management Rules:
CHAPTER 410
Composting Facilities
Permit Requirements: Composting Facilities Applications and Forms: Please note, Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: Outline in 06-096 CMR 410, Section 1 (b)
Legislation Last Updated: December 20, 2011
Primary State Contact:
Carla J. Hopkins
Environmental Specialist IV
Division of Solid Waste Management
Bureau of Remediation and Waste Management
Maine Department of Environmental Protection
#17 State House Station
Augusta, ME 04333-0017
(207) 215-3314
Carla.J.Hopkins@maine.gov
Composting Programs: Maine Residuals, Sludge and Composting
Resources: Guide to Recovering and Composting Organics in Maine

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STATE: MARYLAND

Regulatory Agency: Maryland Department of Environment
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Maryland Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Maryland Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Recent regulatory changes are outlined in Chapter 686 House Bill 1440
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used
Permit Exemptions: Not required for processing facilities constructed and operated for private use located at schools, apartment houses, industries, hospitals, commercial establishments, individual residences, farms, and similar locations.
Legislation Last Updated: May 16, 2013
Primary State Contact:
Hilary Miller
Waste Diversion and Utilization Program
Maryland Department of the Environment
1800 Washington Blvd
Baltimore, MD 21230
(410) 537-3431
hilary.miller@maryland.gov
OR
Edward M. Dexter, P.G.,
Solid Waste Program
Maryland Department of the Environment
1800 Washington Blvd
Baltimore, MD 21230
(410) 537-3315
ed.dexter@maryland.gov
Composting Programs: Maryland Composting
Resources: Composting Workgroup Final Report:

http://www.mde.state.md.us/programs/Land/RecyclingandOperationsprogram/Publications/Documents/composting_workgroup_final_report_1-2013000%20(1).pdf

MDE Public Hearings, Meetings and Request for Comments:

http://www.mde.state.md.us/aboutmde/AboutMDEHome/Pages/aboutmde/reqcomments.aspx

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STATE: MASSACHUSETTS

Regulatory Agency: Massachusetts Energy and Environmental Affairs
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Massachusetts Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Massachusetts Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: 310 CMR 16.00: Site Assignment Regulations for Solid Waste Facilities
Permit Requirements: 310 CMR 16.04: General Permit for Recycling, Composting or Aerobic and Anaerobic Digestion Operations
Permit Exemptions: 310 CMR 16.03: Exemptions from Site Assignment
Legislation Last Updated: October 1, 2014
Primary State Contact:
Sumner Martinson,
Department of Environmental Protection
One Winter St.
Boston, MA 02108
(617) 292-5969
sumner.martinson@state.ma.us
Composting Programs: Massachusetts Composting & Organics
Resources: Organics Subcommittee of the Solid Waste Advisory Committee

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STATE: MICHIGAN

Regulatory Agency: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Michigan Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Michigan Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Act 212 of 2007 (amends Part 115, Solid Waste Management, 1994 PA 451)
Part 115 of PA 451
Part 115 administrative rules
Permit Requirements: Composting Registration Requirements
Permit Exemptions: Facilities with less than 200 cubic yards and those outlined in article 115, Solid Waste Management, 1994 PA 451
Legislation Last Updated: March 26, 2008
Primary State Contact:
Matt Flechter
Recycling and Composting Specialist
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
(517) 373-8422
flechterm@michigan.gov
Composting Programs: Michigan DEQ Composting
Resources: List of DEQ Registered Composting Facilities

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STATE: MINNESOTA

Regulatory Agency: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Minnesota Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Minnesota Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Minnesota Administrative Rules 7035.2836 COMPOST FACILITIES.
Permit Requirements: Municipal Solid Waste Compost Permit Application Checklist
Permit Exemptions: Back Yard Composting
Legislation Last Updated: September 7, 2006
Primary State Contact:
Tim Farnan
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
520 Lafayette Road North
St Paul, MN 55155
(651) 757.2348
Timothy.farnan@state.mn.us
Composting Programs: Commercial Composting
Resources: Proposed Changes to Compost Rules

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STATE: MISSISSIPPI

Regulatory Agency: Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Mississippi Regulations
State Regulations (Website): N/A
State Law/Legislation Code: Nonhazardous Solid Waste Management
Regulations & CriteriaSetion I,II,III and IX
Permit Requirements: MDEQ Guidence for Pilot Composting Facility Operations
Permit Exemptions: N/A
Legislation Last Updated: April 28, 2005
Primary State Contact:
Jennifer Milner
Solid Waste Policy, Planning & Grants Branch
Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 2261
Jackson, Mississippi 39225-2261
(601) 961-5739
Jennifer_Milner@deq.state.ms.us
Composting Programs: Composting Program
Resources: State of Mississippi Composting Facilities

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STATE: MISSOURI

Regulatory Agency: Missouri Department of Natural Resources Division of Environmental QualityState Composting Regulations (PDF): Missouri Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Missouri Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Missouri 10 CSR 80-2
Permit Requirements: A compost management plan must be submitted to the Department of Natural Resources. Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: Backyard Composting
Legislation Last Updated: January 29, 2007
Primary State Contact:
John Boessen
Solid Waste Management Program
Missouri Department of Natural Resources
(573) 526-3842
John.Boessen@dnr.mo.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: Homeowners’ Composting Guide

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STATE: MONTANA

Regulatory Agency: Montana Department of Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): Montana Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: ARM Title 17
Chapter 50 Solid Waste Management
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: Backyard Composting
Legislation Last Updated: September 30, 2010
Primary State Contact:
Kathy O’Hern
Environmental Science Specialist
Department of Environmental Quality
1520 E. Sixth Avenue
P.O. Box 200901
Helena, MT 59620-0901
(406) 444-9879
kohern@mt.gov
Composting Programs: Montana Compost
Resources: N/A

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STATE: NEBRASKA

Regulatory Agency: Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Nebraska Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Nebraska Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Title 132 Chapter 6 Permit Requirements: Permitting and Operating Compost Sites
Permit Exemptions: Sites receiving less than 100,000 cubic yards per year of yard waste, sites receiving 1,000 cy/y material other than yard waste or livestock waste, and sites receiving less than 20,000 cy/y of livestock waste other than that generated by the property owner
Legislation Last Updated: November 17, 2004
Primary State Contact:
Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality
Waste Management Section
1200 “N” Street, Suite 400
P.O. Box 98922
Lincoln, Nebraska 68509
(402) 471-4210
NDEQ.assistance@nebraska.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: N/A

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STATE: NEVADA

Regulatory Agency: Nevada Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Nevada Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Nevada Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: NAC 444.67
Permit Requirements: Guidelines for Submitting a Compost Plant Application
Permit Exemptions: N/A
Legislation Last Updated: October 18, 2002
Primary State Contact:
Nicole Goehring
Recycling Coordinator
Nevada Division of Environmental Protection
901 South Stewart Street, Suite 4001
Carson City, Nevada 89701–5249
(775) 687-9466
ngoehring@ndep.nv.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: N/A

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STATE: NEW HAMPSHIRE

Regulatory Agency: New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services
State Composting Regulations (PDF): New Hampshire Regulations
State Regulations (Website): N/A
State Law/Legislation Code: Env-Sw 600 Composting Facility Requirements
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: Leaf and yard waste, manure and approved bulking agents (ex. clean wood chips) or food waste generated from on-site activities
Legislation Last Updated: October 28, 2005
Primary State Contact:
Douglas Kemp
NH Dept. of Environmental Services
Waste Management Division
Solid Waste Management Bureau.
(603) 271-0674 or (603) 217-2925
Fax: (603) 271-2456
douglas.kemp@des.nh.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: Municipal Composting of Yard Waste

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STATE: NEW JERSEY

Regulatory Agency: New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
State Composting Regulations (PDF): New Jersey Regulations
State Regulations (Website): N/A
State Law/Legislation Code: N.J.A.C. 7:26A-1.1
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: No more than 5,000 cubic yards of feedstocks are composted per year and those outlined in 7:26A-(6)(e)
Legislation Last Updated: July 4, 1905
Primary State Contact:
Krish Kasturi
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
Mail Code 401-02C
401 East State Street
P.O. Box 420
Trenton, NJ 08625-0420
(609)984-3438
Krish.kasturi@dep.nj.gov
Composting Programs: New Jersey Composting
Resources: Class C Recycling Facilities – November 2013

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STATE: NEW MEXICO

Regulatory Agency: New Mexico Environment Department
State Composting Regulations (PDF):
New Mexico Regulations
State Regulations (Website): New Mexico Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: NMAC Title 20 Chapter 9
Permit Requirements: A Ground Water Quality Bureau Notice of Intent AND Composting Facility Registration Form must be completed
Permit Exemptions: N/A
Legislation Last Updated: August 2, 2007
Primary State Contact:
John Offersen
Harold Runnels Building Room N2150
1190 St. Francis Drive
P.0. Box 5469
Santa Fe, 87502-5469
(505) 827-2385
john.offersen@state.nm.us
Composting Programs: Organic Recycling and Reuse
Resources: Grant and Loan Programs

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STATE: NEW YORK

Regulatory Agency: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): New York Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Chapter IV Subpart 360-5
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: Compost facilities that collect less than 3,000 cubic yards a year
Legislation Last Updated: June 17, 2013
Primary State Contact:
Sally Rowland, Ph.D., P.E.
Chief,
Organic Recycling and Beneficial Use Section
625 Broadway, Albany, New York 12233-7253
sjrowlan@gw.dec.state.ny.us
518-402-8706
Composting Programs: Recycling and Composting
Resources: Composting of Organic Waste

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STATE: NORTH CAROLINA

Regulatory Agency: North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources
State Composting Regulations (PDF): North Carolina Regulations
State Regulations (Website): N/A
State Law/Legislation Code: 15A North Carolina Adminstrative Code 13B .1401-.1408
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: Backyard composting and those outlined .1402 (g)
Legislation Last Updated: May 1, 1996
Primary State Contact:
M.A. (Tony) Gallagher, Supervisor
Composting & Land Application Branch
Solid Waste Section, Division of Waste Management
phone/fax (919)707-8280
tony.gallagher@ncdenr.gov
Composting Programs: Composting: Organics Recycling
Resources: North Carolina Composting Council

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STATE: NORTH DAKOTA

Regulatory Agency: North Dakota Department of Health
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): North Dakota Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Article 33-20 Solid Waste Management and Land Protection
Permit Requirements: See Guideline 34 – Compost Facility Guidelines
Permit Exemptions: Backyard composting of leaves, grass clippings, or wood chips and those outlined in 33-20-02.1-01 (2)
Legislation Last Updated: October 1, 1994
Primary State Contact:
Division Of Waste Management
Solid Waste Program
918 East Divide Avenue, 3rd Floor
Bismarck, ND 58501-1947
Telephone: 701.328.5166
Fax: 701.328.5200
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: North Dakota Solid Waste and Recycling Association

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STATE: OHIO

Regulatory Agency: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Ohio Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Ohio Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: ORC Chapter 3734 and OAC Chapter 3745
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: See 3745-560-01 (E)
Legislation Last Updated: April 2, 2012
Primary State Contact:
Angel Arroyo-Rodríguez
Environmental Planner & Sustainability Coordinator
Recycling and Litter Prevention Program
Office of Compliance Assistance and Pollution Prevention, Ohio EPA
50 West Town Street, Suite 700
Columbus, Ohio 43215
(614) 728-5336
Angel.Arroyo-Rodriguez@epa.ohio.gov
Composting Programs: Ohio Composting
Resources: Ohio Food Scraps Recovery Initiative

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STATE: OKLAHOMA

Regulatory Agency: Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Oklahoma Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Oklahoma Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Title 252. Department Of Environmental Quality Chapter 515
Permit Requirements: Application for an individual permit to operate an agricultural compost facility
Permit Exemptions: Compost facilities used to produce compost solely for personal use and not for commercial purposes. And facilities located on a facility permitted or licensed as a Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation or a Registered Poultry Feeding Operation.
Legislation Last Updated: July 1, 2008
Primary State Contact:
Kelly Dillow
Division Director
Oklahoma Dept. of Environmental Quality
Land Protection Division
(405) 702-5291
kelly.dillow@deq.ok.gov
OR
Fenton Rood,
Assistant Division Director
Oklahoma Dept. of Environmental Quality
Post Office Box 1677
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 73101-1677
(405) 702-5100
Fenton.Rood@deq.ok.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: Oklahoma Composting Council

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STATE: OREGON

Regulatory Agency: Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): Oregon Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Divisions 340-093-0005, 340-096-0001, and 340-097-0001
Permit Requirements: Environmental Screening and Registration/ Permit Process
Permit Exemptions: 340-096-0060-(3)(a)
Legislation Last Updated: June 26, 2013
Primary State Contact:
Bob Barrows
Waste Policy Analyst
Dept. of Environmental Quality
65 E. 7th Ave.
Eugene, OR 97401
(541) 687.7354 | (800) 844.8467 x7354 (in Oregon only)
barrows.bob@deq.state.or.us
Composting Programs: Composting Program
Resources: N/A

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STATE: PENNSYLVANIA

Regulatory Agency: Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): Pennsylvania Regulations State Law/Legislation Code: TITLE 25 PART I Article VIII. Municipal Waste
Permit Requirements: Facility Permitting Requirements
Permit Exemptions: Individual backyard composting facility are exempt. Composting facilities less than 5 acres shall be deemed to have a municipal waste processing permit-by-rule.
Legislation Last Updated: September 14, 1991
Primary State Contact:
Jeff Olsen
Pennsylvania Dept. of Environmental Protection
Rachel Carson State Office Building 14th Floor
P.O. Box 8472
Harrisburg, PA 17105-8472
(717) 787-7381
Fax: (717) 787-1904
jeolsen@pa.gov
Composting Programs: Pennsylvania Compost
Resources: Professional Recyclers of Pennsylvania (PROP)

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STATE: RHODE ISLAND

Regulatory Agency: Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Rhode Island Regulations State Regulations (Website): N/A
State Law/Legislation Code: Solid Waste Regulation No. 8
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: Backyard composting EXCEPT composting of sewage sludge.
Legislation Last Updated: July 1, 2014
Primary State Contact:
Chris Shafer
Department of Environmental Management Office
Solid Waste Facility Management
235 Promenade Street
Providence, RI 02908
(401) 222-2797
christopher.shafer@dem.ri.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: Chapter 23-18.9

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STATE: SOUTH CAROLINA

Regulatory Agency: South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): South Carolina Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Chapter 61-107.4 Permit Requirements: Composting and Wood Grinding – Registration
Permit Exemptions: Backyard Composting, also see Chapter 61-107.4.C.3
Legislation Last Updated: April 23, 1993
Primary State Contact:
Patrick Brownson
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control
Solid Waste Management
(803) 898-1367
brownspd@dhec.sc.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: N/A

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STATE: SOUTH DAKOTA

Regulatory Agency: South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources State Composting Regulations (PDF): South Dakota Regulations
State Regulations (Website): South Dakota Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Chapter 34A-6 Solid Waste Management
Permit Requirements: Application to Construct and Operate a Yard Waste Compost Facility
Permit Exemptions: N/A
Legislation Last Updated: October 13, 1998
Primary State Contact:
Jim Wendte, P.E.
SD DENR – Waste Management Program
523 East Capitol
Pierre, SD 57501-3182
(605) 773.3153
Jim.Wendte@state.sd.us
Composting Programs: Waste Management Program – Yard Waste Composting Resources: Guide to Yard Waste Composting

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STATE: TENNESSEE

Regulatory Agency: Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Tennessee Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Tennessee Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Chapter 0400-11-01 (Previously Chapter 1200-1-7.11)
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: Backyard Composting and Normal Farming Operations
Legislation Last Updated: March 18, 2013
Primary State Contact:
Robert Wadley, S.C.
Environmental Specialist
Division of Solid Waste Management, TDEC
William R. Snodgrass Tennessee Tower
312 Rosa L Parks Ave, 14th Floor
Nashville, TN 37243
(615) 741-4907
Robert.Wadley@tn.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: Pick Tennessee Products

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STATE: TEXAS

Regulatory Agency: Texas Commission on Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Texas Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Texas Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Title 30 Part 1 Chapter 332
Permit Requirements: A Notification, Registration or Permit is required based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: Backyard operation sites which generate less than 50 cubic yards of final product per year.
Legislation Last Updated: January 8, 2004
Primary State Contact:
Mario A. Pérez, Project Manager
Municipal Solid Waste Section Waste Permits Division
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 13087, MC-126
Austin, Texas 78711-3087
(512) 239-6681
Mario.Perez@tceq.texas.gov
Composting Programs: Texas Composting
Resources: State of Texas Alliance for Recycling (STAR)

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STATE: UTAH

Regulatory Agency: Utah Department of Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): Utah Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: R315. Environmental Quality, Solid and Hazardous Waste. Rule R315-312.
Permit Requirements: A plan of operation must be submitted to the Director of the Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste
Permit Exemptions: See R315-312-1(2)
Legislation Last Updated: February 1, 2007
Primary State Contact:
Allan Moore
Utah Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste
PO Box 144880
Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4880
(801) 536-0211
allanmoore@utah.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: 2013 Utah Compost Facility Inventory

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STATE: VERMONT

Regulatory Agency: Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Vermont Regulations
State Regulations (Website): N/A
State Law/Legislation Code: Rule Number: 11P-03
Permit Requirements: Environmental Permit Information Summary
Permit Exemptions: See § 6-1103 Organics Management Certification Exemptions
Legislation Last Updated: March 15, 2012
Primary State Contact:
Dennis Fekert
Chief, Certification and Compliance
Vermont Solid Waste Management Program
(802) 522-0195
dennis.fekert@state.vt.us
Composting Programs: Vermont Composting
Resources: Composting Association of Vermont

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STATE: VIRGINIA

Regulatory Agency: Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): Virginia Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: VAC 20-81
Permit Requirements: Solid Waste Compost Facility Permit
Permit Exemptions: See 9 VAC 20-81-95 (7)
Legislation Last Updated: December 5, 2013.
Primary State Contact:
Jenny L. Poland
Solid Waste Permit Writer
DEQ Blue Ridge Regional Office (Roanoke)
3019 Peters Creek Road
Roanoke, VA 24019
(540) 562.6890
Jenny.poland@deq.virginia.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: N/A

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STATE: WASHINGTON

Regulatory Agency: State of Washington Department of Ecology
State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A
State Regulations (Website): Washington Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Title 173, Chapter 173-350, Section 173-350-220 AND Title 70, Chapter 70.95
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: Exemptions are based on feedstock type and volume, and whether the material is distributed off-site or used on-site. See WAC 173-350-220 (1)(b)(i)-(x)
Legislation Last Updated: June 1, 2011
Primary State Contact:
Mary Harrington
Department of Ecology, HQ
Waste 2 Resources Program
P.O. Box 47600
Olympia WA 98504-7600
mhar461@ecy.wa.gov
Tel: 360.407.6915
Fax: 360.407.6102
Composting Programs: Organics Materials Management
Resources: Washington Organics Recycling Council (WORC)

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STATE: WEST VIRGINIA

Regulatory Agency: West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection State Composting Regulations (PDF): West Virginia Regulations
State Regulations (Website): West Virginia Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Chapter 22. Environmental Resources Article 15.
Permit Requirements: Solid Waste Facilities Permitting
Permit Exemptions: Residential Composting Activities
Legislation Last Updated: June 26, 2001
Primary State Contact:
Sudhir D. Patel
Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th Street SE
Charleston, WV 25304
(304) 926-0499 EXT.1295
Fax: (304) 926-0477
Sudhir.D.Patel@wv.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: N/A

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STATE: WISCONSIN

Regulatory Agency: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Wisconsin Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Wisconsin Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: NR 502.12
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used. See specific compost rules and regulation information
Permit Exemptions: Household Composting and those outlined in NR 502.12 (2)-(7)
Legislation Last Updated: June 1, 2012
Primary State Contact:
Brad Wolbert, P.G., Chief
Recycling and Solid Waste Section
Bureau of Waste and Materials Management
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
P.O. Box 7921
Madison, WI 53707
(608) 264-6286
Brad.Wolbert@Wisconsin.gov
Composting Programs: Wisconsin Composting Overview
Resources: Composting Facility Application (Form 4400-282) [PDF]

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STATE: WYOMING

Regulatory Agency: Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality
State Composting Regulations (PDF): Wyoming Regulations
State Regulations (Website): Wyoming Regulations
State Law/Legislation Code: Chapter 10
Permit Requirements: A Chapter 6 permit may be required pending type of material composted and composting process used.
Permit Exemptions: Back Yard Composting
Legislation Last Updated: May 7, 2014
Primary State Contact:
Robert A. Doctor, PG
Program Manager
Solid Waste Permitting and Corrective Action
152 North Durbin, Suite 100
Casper, WY 82601
(307)473-3468
Fax (307) 473-3458
bob.doctor@wyo.gov
Composting Programs: N/A
Resources: Plan of Operation Checklist for Compost Facilities Application Form

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Regulatory Agency- State Agency responsible for enforcement of regulations. This will serve as a primary resource for initial permitting information.
State Composting Regulations (PDF)-Downloadable version of the state’s regulations relating to the collection of organic wastes, the composting process and in some cases end product uses in PDF format.
State Regulations (Website)- A weblink to the state’s regulations that relate to composting

State Law/Legislation Code- The explicit code used to regulate composting operations.

Permit Requirements- The standards that need to be met before operating a compost facility as defined by the respective state.

Permit Exemptions- Operations that do not require registration or permits from the respective state. Typically these exemptions are based on size and risk

Legislation Last Updated- The last time a given states’ regulations were significantly amended.

Primary State Contact- The best person to contact for general composting inquiries and permitting information in each state

Composting Programs- State programs aimed to encourage composting and organics recovery

Resources- Technical and educational resources that are available for each geographic location. Will vary by state

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