State Compost Regulations

Looking for information about a state’s composting permits, laws or regulations? Need a contact in the state for questions or more information?

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  • State Regulatory Agency
  • State Composting Regulations (PDF)
  • State Composting Regulations (Website)
  • State Law/Legislation Code
  • Permit Requirements
  • Permit Exemptions
  • Legislation Last Updated
  • Primary State Contact
  • Composting Programs
  • Resources


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STATE: ALABAMA

Regulatory Agency: Alabama Department of Environmental Management Land Division

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Alabama State Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Alabama State Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: ADEM Admin. Code r. 335-13-x-.xx

Chapter 335-13-14- 14-1,14-11

Permit Requirements: Chapter 335-13-14-.04: No person may receive, store or process solid waste for composting without being properly permitted by the Department of Environmental Management Land Division.

Permit Exemptions: Chapter 335-13-14-.03 (3a – d): On-site composting as defined by Rule 335-13-14-.02. However, if any on-site compost is used for revenue generation, then the generator is not exempt. (“On-site composting” means the composting of materials including solid waste generated at a residential, commercial, or industrial property by the owner or tenant.)

Legislation Last Updated: April 3, 2012

Primary State Contact:  

Scott Story, Chief

Solid Waste Engineering Section

Solid Waste Branch

Land Division

(334) 271-7764

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: N/A

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STATE: ALASKA

Regulatory Agency: Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Alaska State Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Alaska State Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code:18 AAC 60

Permit Requirements: 18 AAC 60.005.(e): If a person treats a waste and demonstrates to the department’s satisfaction that the potential for a release of hazardous constituents is eliminated by the treatment and the treated waste will not present a threat to the public health, safety, or welfare, or to the environment, the department will allow the treated waste to be managed as an inert waste under 18 AAC 60.460 or an exempt waste under (c) of this section. See 18 AAC 60.005.(e), 18 AAC 60.010.(e), 18 AAC 60.010.(h), 18 AAC 60.010.(i) for further information.

Permit Exemptions: 18 AAC 60.005.(d) A treatment works designed to treat less than five tons of waste daily or 10 tons in a single batch is exempt from the requirements of this chapter unless it causes or contributes to a threat to public health, safety, or welfare, or the environment or unless the works is operated in a manner that causes or contributes to a nuisance.

Legislation Last Updated: April 12, 2013

Primary State Contact:

Rebecca Colvin, Program Coordinator

Alaska Dept. of Environmental Conservation

Solid Waste Program

555 Cordova Street

Anchorage, AK 99501

(907) 269-7802

Fax: (907) 269-7600

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources:

http://dec.alaska.gov/eh/sw/permitapps.htm

https://www.uaf.edu/ces/ah/soils/

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STATE: ARIZONA

Regulatory Agency: Arizona Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF):

Arizona State Regulations

State Regulations (Website):

Arizona State Regulations

Arizona State Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code:

Title 49, Chapter 4, Article 4, ARS 49-762.07

Title 18, Chapter 13, Article 3, R18-13-312(3)

Permit Requirements: 49-762.07(a): Owners or operators of composting facilities shall notify ADEQ of composting operations, as they relate to solid waste. The notification should be provided no later than 30 days prior to operation for new facilities. The notification is valid for the life of the facility, but should be amended as needed.

In addition, composting facilities may be subject to Aquifer Protection Permit (APP) requirements, if there is potential for discharge of pollutants to the groundwater.

Permit Exemptions: 49-762.07(b): A solid waste facility that has obtained a plan approval or that has filed an application for plan approval before September 1, 1996 is exempt from the notice requirement of subsection A of this section.

Legislation Last Updated: September 30, 2014

Primary State Contact:

Omid Rabbani

ADEQ Solid Waste

1110 W. Washington St.

Phoenix, AZ 85007

(602) 771-4136

Fax: (602) 771-2234

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: http://www.azrecycles.gov/

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STATE: ARKANASAS

Regulatory Agency: Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF):  Arkansas State Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Arkansas State Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Regulations of the Arkansas Pollution Control and Ecology Commission: Regulation 22 Chapter 8: Composting Facilities

Permit Requirements: Composting permit applications are classified according to the type of waste authorized for composting.

The Solid Waste Division collects permit fees on regulated compost facilities.

Permit Exemptions: Reg.22.801(e) The composting of less than 50 (fifty) tons or 500 (five hundred) cubic yards per year of incoming yard waste, silvacultural activities such as tree prunings and land clearing debris, and agricultural waste or other approved wastes not subject to the limitations of paragraph (c). See Reg.22.801(e) for more information.

Legislation Last Updated: April 26, 2008

Primary State Contact:

Facility Permits Technical Manager

Annette Cusher, PE

501-682-0841

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: The Composting Process, Education Resources, Resource Exchange Network, Composting Fact Sheets

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STATE: CALIFORNIA

Regulatory Agency: California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle)

State Composting Regulations (PDF): California Regulations

State Regulations (Website): California Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: California Code of Regulations: Title 14, Natural Resources–Division 7, Ch. 3.1, Articles 1-3, 5-9

Permit Requirements: Article 2, Section 17854.1: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used

Permit Exemptions: Article 2, Section 17855: An activity is excluded if it handles agricultural material derived from an agricultural site, and returns a similar amount of the material produced to that same agricultural site, or an agricultural site owned or leased by the owner, parent, or subsidiary of the composting activity. No more than an incidental amount of up to 1,000 cubic yards of compost product may be given away or sold annually. More permit exemptions in Article 2, Section 17855

Legislation Last Updated: CalRecycle regulations are updated continuously as changes are made and approved by the Office of Administrative Law

Primary State Contact:

Ken Decio

Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle)

1001 I Street

Sacramento, CA 95814

(916) 341-6313

[email protected]

Composting Programs:Organic Materials Management

Resources: Compost Permit Flowchart, Permit Tier Placement Chart

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STATE: COLORADO

Regulatory Agency: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Colorado Regulations PDF

State Regulations (Website): Colorado Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Colorado Solid Waste Regulations 6 CCR 1007-2 Section 14

Permit Requirements: Anyone operating a Class I or II facility must obtain a certificate of designation as outlined in Section 14.6

Permit Exemptions: Class III, IV and V composting facilities, (A Class III facility must submit a design and operations plan for review and approval by the Division and local governing body. A design and operations plan is not required for a Class IV or V composting facility.) And those outlined in Section 14.1.2 Exemptions.

Legislation Last Updated: November 17, 2015

Primary State Contact:

David Snapp

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment

Solid Waste Materials Management

303-692-3425

1-888-569-1831 ext. 3425 outside the 303/720 area code

[email protected]

Curt Stovall

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment

Solid Waste Permitting Unit

(303) 692-2295

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Colorado Composting

Resources: Compost Guidance Stakeholder Meetings, Map of Registered Commercial Composters, Composting Facility Annual Report

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STATE: CONNECTICUT

Regulatory Agency: Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection

State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): Connecticut State Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Solid Waste Management CGS Chapter 446d Sec. 22a-208d

Permit Requirements: Sec. 22a-208d (a):The Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection must make a written determination that such a facility or disposal area is necessary to meet the solid waste disposal needs of the state and will not result in substantial excess capacity of resources recovery facilities, disposal areas or mixed municipal solid waste composting facilities. See Sec.22a-208d for more information.

Also varies depending on size, feedstock, location and composting process used. See Permitting Resources

Permit Exemptions: Leaf Composting requires Registration instead of permit; Home and On-Site Composting do not require solid waste permit. General Permit for some small-scale composting and transfer activities.

Legislation Last Updated: January 1, 2015

Primary State Contact:

Robert Isner

WASTE ENGINEERING AND ENFORCEMENT DIVISION

(860) 424-3023

Fax: (860) 424-4059

Composting Programs:

Composting and Organics Recycling

Food Residual and Compost Site Database & Map

Resources: Operator Training & Educational Resources , Commercial & Institutional Food Scrap Pilot Projects , Composting Resources

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STATE: DELAWARE

Regulatory Agency: Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Delaware Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Delaware Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Delaware Regulations : Administrative Code : Title 7 : 1000 : 1300 : 1301 : 2.0

Permit Requirements: Section 2.5: To obtain an approval, a person must submit a written plan of operation demonstrating to the DNREC that the composting facility owner and operators understand and will apply the principles and proper methods of composting. The plan also must demonstrate that the composting facility will be operated in a manner that will not pose a threat to human health and the environment. The plan must include a written statement explaining the intended use of the compost.

Permit Exemptions: Section 2.3.2: Individual Household Composting

Legislation Last Updated: October 2, 2016

Primary State Contact:

Mindy Anthony

DNREC-Solid & Hazardous Waste Mgmt Section

89 Kings Hwy

Dover, DE 19901

(302) 739-9403 ext. 8

Fax: (302) 739-5060

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Composting University , REPLENISH Project

Resources:

Solid Waste Management Alternatives For Delaware

Delaware Solid Waste Authority

Delaware offers a competitive recycling grant and loan program. Composting assistance may be available in future grant and loan offerings.

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STATE: FLORIDA

Regulatory Agency: Florida Department of Environmental Protection

State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): Florida Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Rule Chapter: 62-709

Permit Requirements: Registration process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used as outlined in Chapter 62-709.3

Permit Exemptions: Backyard composting, and those outlined in Chapter 62-709.305 Exemptions

Legislation Last Updated: February 15, 2010

Primary State Contact:

Karen Moore

Environmental Administrator

Composting & Organics- Recycling Program

(850) 245-8864

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Composting/Organics Recycling Program Main Menu

Resources: FORCE, Compost Use in Florida, Registration of a SOPF

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STATE: GEORGIA

Regulatory Agency: Georgia Department of Natural Resources: Environmental Protection Division

State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): Georgia Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: 391-3-4-.16 Composting

Permit Requirements: Permit type (or exempted status) is dependent on the type, amount, and origin of the materials composted.

Permit Exemptions: Backyard composting and operations outlined in 391-3-4-.16(3)

Legislation Last Updated: July 15, 2014

Primary State Contact:

Chad Hall

Industrial and Municipal Solid Waste Unit

4244 International Parkway

Suite 104

Atlanta, GA 30354

404-362-4893

Composting Programs: Food Residuals Diversion

Resources: Composting At Home In Georgia

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STATE: HAWAII

Regulatory Agency: Hawaii Department Of Health Solid Waste Section

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Hawaii Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Hawaii Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Department of Health Chapter 58.1 Title 11 Subchapter 4 – Solid Waste Reclamation Facilities

Permit Requirements: State of Hawaii Department of Health Environmental Management Division Solid and Hazardous Waste Branch Permit Application for Solid Waste Management Facility . Also outlined in §11-58.1-41(b).

Permit Exemptions: §11-58.1-41: Composting facilities processing less than three thousand tons of green wastes (yard wastes) per year are permitted by rule (in accordance with §11-58.1-04(i))

A single family or duplex residential property reusing by composting only green or vegetative solid wastes generated on its premises as outlined in §11-58.1-04(b).

Legislation Last Updated: January 13, 1994

Primary State Contact:

Lene Ichinotsubo

Environmental Engineer

Hawaii Department of Health

919 Ala Moana Blvd. #210

Honolulu, HI 96814

(808) 586-4226

Fax: (808) 586-7509

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Department of Health Fact Sheet

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STATE: IDAHO

Regulatory Agency: Idaho Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Idaho Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Idaho Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: 58.01.06 – Solid Waste Management Rules

Permit Requirements: Depending on site specific facility classifications, the owner and operator of a new facility shall comply with applicable requirements prior to accepting waste, as outlined in 58.01.06. An owner or operator of a facility classified as a Tier I, Tier II or Tier III facility can also request to be regulated pursuant to the requirements of a lower classification.

Permit Exemptions: Below regulatory concern (BRC) facilities manage a cumulative volume of 300 cubic yards or less and do not manage petroleum-contaminated soils or pumpable waste. BRCs must meet basic operating requirements to prevent/reduce nuisance conditions. No approval or notification is required. Documentation to support BRC status is required, however. Backyard composting sites are exempt under 58.01.06.001.04.c.

Legislation Last Updated: 2015

Primary State Contact:

Dean Ehlert

Solid Waste Program Coordinator

Idaho Dept of Environmental Quality

1410 N. Hilton

Boise, ID 83706

(208) 373-0416

Fax: (208) 373-0154

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Processing (Composting) Facility Guidance and Checklists for Tier II and Tier III Processing Facilities

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STATE: ILLINOIS

Regulatory Agency: Illinois Environmental Protection Agency

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Illinois Regulations. Illinois Regulations, Illinois Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Illinois Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Title 35: Subtitle G: Chapter I: Subchapter i: Part 830

Permit Requirements:

An Illinois EPA permit is required for composting activities conducted in Illinois at a facility that accepts waste from off-site and manages that waste in a manner where composting occurs. The type of environmental regulations and laws applicable to composting depend on the waste type, the source of the waste and the location of the composting facility

Permit Exemptions: Operations with no more than 25 cubic yards of landscape waste, composting material or end-product compost on-site at any one time and is not engaging in commercial activity, OR those outlined in Section 830.105 and Section 830.104

Legislation Last Updated: November 23, 1998

Primary State Contact:

Hope Wright

Compost Facility Reports

Illinois Environmental Protection Agency

(217) 785-2361

Bureau of Land- Permit Section

(217) 524-3300 ext. 1

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Waste Management Information

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STATE: INDIANA

Regulatory Agency: Indiana Department of Environmental Management

State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): Indiana Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Statutes : Indiana Code 13-20-10

Permit Requirements: All owners or operators of a composting facility for vegetative matter must register with IDEM

Permit Exemptions: Residences and farming operations where materials generated remain on-site, operations that processes less than two thousand (2,000) pounds of vegetative matter during a year, and the temporary storage of vegetative matter where only an incidental amount of composing will occur

Legislation Last Updated: 2016

Primary State Contact:

Nick Batton

Environmental Manager

Indiana Department of Environmental Management

Solid Waste Permits Section

(317) 232-8731

Fax: (317) 2323403

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Composting

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STATE: IOWA

Regulatory Agency: Iowa Department of Natural Resources

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Iowa Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Iowa Regulations Website

State Law/Legislation Code: Iowa Administrative Code 567 Chapter 105 Organic Materials Composting Facilities

Permit Requirements: General and specific requirements and (permit requirements for Solid Waste Facilities) outlined in 567—105.

Permit Exemptions: Permit by Rule as outlined in 105.1(2). Yard waste or household organic waste composted and used on the same premises where it originated, and those outlined in IAC 567—105.2.

Legislation Last Updated: October 5, 2016

Primary State Contact:

Amy Buckendahl

Environmental Specialist

Iowa Department of Natural Resources

Wallace State Office Bldg. 502 E 9th St.

Des Moines, IA 50319-0034

(515) 725-8350

Fax: (515)281-8895

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Iowa DNR Composting Information

Resources: N/A

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STATE: KANSAS

Regulatory Agency: Kansas Department of Health and Environment

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Kansas Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Kansas Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Chapter 65 Article 29 (28-29-25(a-f))

Permit Requirements: Sites under 1/2 acre in composting area are required to register and sites that are 1/2 acre and over in composting area must obtain a permit. Permit requirements vary based on feedstock (yard waste, manure, livestock, source-separated organic waste, & solid waste).

Permit Exemptions: N/A

Legislation Last Updated: April 2015

Primary State Contact:

Arthur Fink

Engineering Associate

Solid Waste Permits Section

Processing Unit

785-296-2751

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Kansas Composting Program

Resources: Basic Composting

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STATE: KENTUCKY

Regulatory Agency: Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection

State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): Kentucky Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: 401 KAR 48:200. Land farming and composting

Permit Requirements:The applicant shall submit a request for a determination of waste classification with the submittal of a notice of intent to apply. The applicant shall submit a permit application to the Cabinet.

Permit Exemptions: N/A

Legislation Last Updated: December 1, 2016

Primary State Contact:

Bob Bickner

Division of Waste Management

Solid Waste Branch

Registered Permit-By-Rule Section – Supervisor

200 Fair Oaks Ln., 2nd Floor

Frankfort, KY 40601

(502) 564-6716

[email protected]

OR

Anita Young

Division of Waste Management

Solid Waste Branch

Permit Administration Section- Supervisor

(502) 564-6716

[email protected]

Composting Programs:

Resources: Compost Operator Manual

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STATE: LOUISIANA

Regulatory Agency: Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Lousiana Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Louisana Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Title 33 Environmental Quality

Part VII. Solid Waste Subpart 1. Solid Waste Regulations. Chapter 7.

Permit Requirements: Composting Facilities fall under Type IA/IIA and Type III. Solid Waste Permit Applications

§723 (A): Facility plans, specifications, and operations represented and described in the permit application or permit modifications for all facilities shall be prepared under the supervision of and certified by a professional engineer, licensed in the state of Louisiana. More information outlined in §723.

Permit Exemptions: N/A

Legislation Last Updated: June 15, 2016

Primary State Contact:

Estuardo Silva

Waste Permits Administrator

(225)219-3386

[email protected]

OR

Jodie Diamond

Waste Permits Supervisor

(225)219-3045

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: N/A

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STATE: MAINE

Regulatory Agency: Maine Department of Environmental Protection

State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): Maine Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Maine Solid Waste Management Rules:

CHAPTER 410: Composting Facilities

Permit Requirements: Composting Facilities Applications and Forms: Please note, Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.

Permit Exemptions: Chapter 410- 1(B): Facilities that, in any thirty (30) consecutive day period, receive for composting less than: (a) Ten (10) cubic yards of Type IA residuals; or Five (5) cubic yards of either Type IB or IC residuals. More information outlined in Chapter 410- 1(B).

Legislation Last Updated: May 26, 2015

Primary State Contact:

Carla J. Hopkins

Residuals, Sludge and Composting

(207) 215-3314

Fax: 207-287-7826

[email protected]

OR

Mark A. King

207-592-0455

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Maine Residuals, Sludge and Composting

Resources: Guide to Recovering and Composting Organics in Maine

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STATE: MARYLAND

Regulatory Agency: Maryland Department of Environment

State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): Maryland Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: COMAR 26.04.11

Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used

Permit Exemptions:Composting Exemptions

Legislation Last Updated: June 12, 2015

Primary State Contact:

Kaley Laleker

Land Management Administration Special Assistant

Resource Management Program

[email protected]

410-537-3314

Composting Programs: Maryland Composting

Resources: Facility Regulations and Permit

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STATE: MASSACHUSETTS

Regulatory Agency: Massachusetts Energy and Environmental Affairs

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Massachusetts Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Massachusetts Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: 310 CMR 16.00: Site Assignment Regulations for Solid Waste Facilities

Permit Requirements: 310 CMR 16.04: General Permit for Recycling, Composting or Aerobic and Anaerobic Digestion Operations

Permit Exemptions: 310 CMR 16.03:8(c):  Activities located at an agricultural unit as defined in 330 CMR 25.02, small composting operations not at a residence, a municipally owned collection center for residents to drop off food materials, provided that, land application of manure, residential composting.

Legislation Last Updated: October 1, 2014

Primary State Contact:

Sean Sylver

Composting, Commercial

617-292-5747

sean.sylver@ state.ma.us

Ann McGovern

Composting, Residential

617-292-5834

[email protected]

Tom Adamczyk

Solid Waste Facility Permitting & Anaerobic Digestion/Organics Conversion

617-574-6867

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Massachusetts Composting & Organics

Resources: Organics Subcommittee of the Solid Waste Advisory Committee

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STATE: MICHIGAN

Regulatory Agency: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Michigan Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Michigan Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Part 115, Solid Waste Management, 1994 PA 451

Permit Requirements: Composting Registration Requirements

Permit Exemptions: Facilities with less than 200 cubic yards and those outlined in article 115, Solid Waste Management, 1994 PA 451

Legislation Last Updated: December 8, 2016

Primary State Contact:

Duane Roskoskey

Composting Program

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

(517) 582-3445

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Michigan DEQ Composting

Resources: List of DEQ Registered Composting Facilities

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STATE: MINNESOTA

Regulatory Agency: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Minnesota Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Minnesota Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Minnesota Administrative Rules 7035.2836 COMPOST FACILITIES.

Permit Requirements: Municipal Solid Waste Compost Permit Application Checklist

Permit Exemptions: 7035.2525

Legislation Last Updated: January 7, 2015

Primary State Contact:

Tim Farnan

Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

520 Lafayette Road North

St Paul, MN 55155

(651) 757-2348

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Commercial Composting

Resources: N/A

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STATE: MISSISSIPPI

Regulatory Agency: Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Mississippi Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Mississippi Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Administrative Procedures Act Rules Title 11: Part 4: Chapter 1: Rule 1.9

Permit Requirements: MDEQ Guidance for Pilot Composting Facility Operations

Permit Exemptions: N/A

Legislation Last Updated: July 25, 2013

Primary State Contact:

Jennifer Milner

Solid Waste Policy Planning & Grants

Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality

P.O. Box 2261

Jackson, Mississippi 39225-2261

(601) 961-5739

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Composting Program

Resources: State of Mississippi Composting Facilities

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STATE: MISSOURI

Regulatory Agency: Missouri Department of Natural Resources

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Missouri Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Missouri Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Missouri 10 CSR 80-2

Permit Requirements: A compost management plan must be submitted to the Department of Natural Resources. Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.

Permit Exemptions: Exemptions detailed in 10 CSR 80-2.020

Legislation Last Updated: January 29, 2007

Primary State Contact:

John Boessen

Solid Waste Management Program

Missouri Department of Natural Resources

(573) 526-3842

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Homeowners’ Composting Guide

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STATE: MONTANA

Regulatory Agency: Montana Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Licensing and Operation Fees, Refuse Disposal

State Regulations (Website): Montana Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: ARM Title 17: Chapter 50 Solid Waste Management

Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.

Permit Exemptions: Backyard Composting

Legislation Last Updated: September 30, 2010

Primary State Contact:

Frederick Collins

Environmental Science Specialist

Department of Environmental Quality

1520 E. Sixth Avenue

P.O. Box 200901

Helena, MT 59620-0901

(406) 444-9879

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Compost Resources

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STATE: NEBRASKA

Regulatory Agency: Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Nebraska Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Nebraska Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Title 132 Chapter 6

Permit Requirements: Permitting and Operating Compost Sites

Permit Exemptions: Detailed in Title 132: Chapter 2: 002 & 003

Legislation Last Updated: May 17, 2016

Primary State Contact:

Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality

Waste Management Section

1200 “N” Street, Suite 400

P.O. Box 98922

Lincoln, Nebraska 68509

(402) 471-4210

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Waste Reduction and Recycling Incentive Grants Program

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STATE: NEVADA

Regulatory Agency: Nevada Department of Conservation and Natural Resources

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Nevada Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Nevada Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: NAC 444.67

Permit Requirements: Compost Facility Permit Requirement Guidance

Permit Exemptions: NAC 444.6405 Subsection 2: Composting bins which are operated at a personal residence for personal use; and Municipal composting operations for yard wastes do not need to obtain permits.

Legislation Last Updated: October 18, 2002

Primary State Contact:

Patricia Moen – Northern Nevada Recycling Coordinator

Nevada Division of Environmental Protection

901 South Stewart Street, Suite 4001

Carson City, Nevada 89701–5249

(775) 687-9466

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Solid Waste Forms and Guidance Documents, Permitting a Solid Waste Facility, Solid Waste & Recycling Grants

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STATE: NEW HAMPSHIRE

Regulatory Agency: New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services

State Composting Regulations (PDF): New Hampshire Regulations

State Regulations (Website): New Hampshire Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Env-Sw 600 Composting Facility Requirements

Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.

Permit Exemptions: As specified in Env-Sw 608.03: Yard waste or farming crop residuals; (2) Food waste limited to vegetable matter, edible vegetable oils and bakery waste; (3) Animal manure; (4) An approved bulking agent as defined in Env-Sw 102. More information in Env-Sw 608.03.

Legislation Last Updated: July 1, 2014

Primary State Contact:

Todd Moore

Solid Waste Management Bureau.

(603) 271-6467

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Municipal Composting of Yard Waste

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STATE: NEW JERSEY

Regulatory Agency: New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection

State Composting Regulations (PDF): New Jersey Regulations

State Regulations (Website): New Jersey Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: N.J.A.C. 7:26A-1

Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.

Permit Exemptions: 7:26A-1.1(e): No more than 5,000 cubic yards of feedstocks are composted per year. More information outlined in 7:26A-1.4

Legislation Last Updated: February 2009

Primary State Contact:

Krish Kasturi

Composting & Class C Recycling

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection

Mail Code 401-02C

401 East State Street

P.O. Box 420

Trenton, NJ 08625-0420

(609) 984-4563

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Class C Compost Facilities, Food Waste, Tire Clean-up & Public Space Bonus Recycling Grant

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STATE: NEW MEXICO

Regulatory Agency: New Mexico Environment Department

State Composting Regulations (PDF):

New Mexico Regulations

State Regulations (Website): New Mexico Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: NMAC Title 20 Chapter 9

Permit Requirements: A Ground Water Quality Bureau Notice of Intent AND Composting Facility Registration Form must be completed

Permit Exemptions: 20.9.2.11: On-site disposal of domestic solid waste, construction/ demolition debris or yard refuse by a homeowner, residential lessee or tenant, or agricultural enterprise, on the property she or he owns, rents or leases.

Legislation Last Updated: August 2, 2007

Primary State Contact:

John Offersen

Environmental Specialist

Solid Waste Bureau- Permit Section

Harold Runnels Building Room N2150

1190 St. Francis Drive

P.0. Box 5469

Santa Fe, 87502-5469

(505) 827-2385

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Organic Recycling and Reuse

Resources: Grant and Loan Programs

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STATE: NEW YORK

Regulatory Agency: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation

State Composting Regulations (PDF): New York Regulations

State Regulations (Website): New York Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: 6NYCRR Part 360

Permit Requirements: Permit and registration process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.

Permit Exemptions: Compost facilities that collect less than 3,000 cubic yards a year

Legislation Last Updated: June 17, 2013

Primary State Contact:

Sally Rowland

Organic Reduction and Recycling

625 Broadway, Albany, New York 12233-7253

[email protected]

518-402-8706

Composting Programs: Composting of Organic Waste, Zero Waste

Resources: State Assistance Programs (GRANTS), NYC Compost Project

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STATE: NORTH CAROLINA

Regulatory Agency: North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources

State Composting Regulations (PDF): North Carolina Regulations

State Regulations (Website): North Carolina Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: 15A North Carolina Administrative Code 13B .1401-.1409

Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.

Permit Exemptions: Backyard composting and those outlined .1402 (g) and .1409(d).

Legislation Last Updated: May 1, 1996

Primary State Contact:

Tony Gallagher, Supervisor

Composting & Land Application Branch

Solid Waste Section, Division of Waste Management

(919) 707-8280

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Composting: Organics Recycling

Resources: North Carolina Composting Council

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STATE: NORTH DAKOTA

Regulatory Agency: North Dakota Department of Health

State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): North Dakota Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Article 33-20 Solid Waste Management and Land Protection

Permit Requirements: See Guideline 34 – Compost Facility Guidelines

Permit Exemptions: Backyard composting of leaves, grass clippings, or wood chips and those outlined in 33-20-02.1-01 (2)

Legislation Last Updated: January 1, 2016

Primary State Contact:

Jane Kangas- Environmental Scientist

Division Of Waste Management

Solid Waste Program

918 East Divide Avenue, 3rd Floor

Bismarck, ND 58501-1947

Telephone: 701.328.5166

Fax: 701.328.5200

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: North Dakota Solid Waste and Recycling Association

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STATE: OHIO

Regulatory Agency: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Ohio Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Ohio Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: OAC Chapter 3745

Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.

Permit Exemptions: See 3745-560-01 (E)

Legislation Last Updated: April 2, 2012

Primary State Contact:

Alison Shockley- Manager

Solid Waste, Infectious Waste, Construction and Demolition Debris and Compliance and Inspection Support

50 West Town Street, Suite 700

Columbus, Ohio 43215

(614) 728-5335

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Ohio Composting

Resources: Ohio Food Scraps Recovery Initiative

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STATE: OKLAHOMA

Regulatory Agency: Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Oklahoma Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Oklahoma Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Title 252. Department Of Environmental Quality Chapter 515

Permit Requirements: See 252:515-3-36 and 252:515-3-38

Permit Exemptions: 252:515-3-2: Disposal sites used by a person for disposal of solid waste from his or her household provided the disposal site is on land owned by the person and the solid waste does not originate from business or commercial activity.

Legislation Last Updated: September 15, 2016

Fenton Rood

Composting

Land Protection Division

(405) 702-5159

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Oklahoma Composting Council

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STATE: OREGON

Regulatory Agency: Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): Oregon Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: OAR 340-096-0060 through 340-096-0150: "Special Rules Pertaining to Composting."

Permit Requirements: The type and amount of feedstock composted is used to establish criteria for determining when a composting facility permit is required.

Environmental Screening and Registration/ Permit Process

Permit Exemptions: 340-096-0060-(3)(a)

Legislation Last Updated: June 26, 2013

Primary State Contact:

Bob Barrows

Waste Policy Analyst

Dept. of Environmental Quality

65 E. 7th Ave.

Eugene, OR 97401

(541) 687.7354 | (800) 844.8467 x7354 (in Oregon only)

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Composting Program

Resources: Environmental Performance Standards

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STATE: PENNSYLVANIA

Regulatory Agency: Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Pennsylvania Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Pennsylvania Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: TITLE 25 PART I Article VIII. Chapter 281. Composting Facilities

Permit Requirements: Facility Permitting Requirements

Permit Exemptions: Individual backyard composting facility are exempt. Composting facilities less than 5 acres shall be deemed to have a municipal waste processing permit-by-rule.

Legislation Last Updated: September 14, 1991

Primary State Contact:

Ali Tarquino-Morris

Pennsylvania Dept. of Environmental Protection

Bureau of Waste Management

Rachel Carson State Office Building 14th Floor

P.O. Box 8472

Harrisburg, PA 17105-8472

(717) 787-7381

Fax: (717) 787-1904

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Pennsylvania Compost

Resources: Professional Recyclers of Pennsylvania (PROP), Composting Technical Assistance Program

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STATE: RHODE ISLAND

Regulatory Agency: Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Rhode Island Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Rhode Island Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Solid Waste Regulation No. 8

Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.

Permit Exemptions: Backyard composting EXCEPT composting of sewage sludge.

Legislation Last Updated: April 14, 2016

Primary State Contact:

Chris Shafer

Senior Environmental Scientist

Department of Environmental Management Office

Solid Waste Facility Management

235 Promenade Street

Providence, RI 02908

(401) 222-2797 ext. 7511

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources:

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STATE: SOUTH CAROLINA

Regulatory Agency: South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control

State Composting Regulations (PDF): South Carolina Regulations

State Regulations (Website): South Carolina Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Chapter 61-107.4

Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used. See also Chapter 61-107.4 Part III – V

Permit Exemptions: Backyard Composting, see Chapter 61-107.4 Part II for more

Legislation Last Updated: June 27, 2014

Primary State Contact:

Jana White

South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control

Solid Waste Regulations

(803) 898-1346

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Composting

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STATE: SOUTH DAKOTA

Regulatory Agency: South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): South Dakota Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: ARTICLE 74:27 Solid Waste

Permit Requirements: A person may not construct or operate a facility until the person has applied for and obtained a valid permit from the board or secretary. Applications shall address the requirements of chapter 74:27:09

Permit Exemptions: N/A

Legislation Last Updated: October 13, 1998

Primary State Contact:

Jim Wendte, P.E.

SD DENR – Waste Management Program

523 East Capitol

Pierre, SD 57501-3182

(605) 773.3153

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Waste Management Program – Yard Waste

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STATE: TENNESSEE

Regulatory Agency: Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Tennessee Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Tennessee Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Chapter 0400-11-01 (Previously Chapter 1200-1-7.11)

Permit Requirements: Composting facilities processing over 400 cubic yards per year of yard trimmings or similar material may apply for a permit-by-rule. Composting facilities processing more than 100 cubic yards per year of food scraps or similar material using in-vessel composting methods (or more than 50 cubic yards per year using other methods) must apply for a full composting permit.

Permit Exemptions: Backyard composting, normal farming operations, 400 cubic yards or less per year of yard trimmings or similar material, and 100 cubic yards or less per year of food scraps or similar material using an in-vessel composting method or 50 cubic yards per year or less using other methods (windrows, aerated static piles, etc.).

Legislation Last Updated: July 2016

Primary State Contact:

Robert Wadley, S.C.

Environmental Specialist

Division of Solid Waste Management, TDEC

William R. Snodgrass Tennessee Tower

312 Rosa L Parks Ave, 14th Floor

Nashville, TN 37243

(615) 741-4907

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Organics

Resources: Objective 4

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STATE: TEXAS

Regulatory Agency: Texas Commission on Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): Texas Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Title 30 Part 1 Chapter 332

Permit Requirements: A Notification, Registration or Permit is required based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.

Permit Exemptions: Rule 332.3(d)

Legislation Last Updated: January 8, 2004

Primary State Contact:

Mario A. Pérez, Project Manager

Waste Permits Division

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality

P.O. Box 13087, MC-126

Austin, Texas 78711-3087

(512) 239-6681

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Texas Composting

Resources: State of Texas Alliance for Recycling (STAR)

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STATE: UTAH

Regulatory Agency: Utah Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): Utah Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Rule R315-312. Recycling and Composting Standards

Permit Requirements: A plan of operation must be submitted to the Director of the Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste

Permit Exemptions: See R315-312-1(2): (a) Animal feeding operations, including dairies, that compost exclusively manure and vegetative material and meet the composting standards of a Comprehensive Nutrient Management Plan;

(b) other composting operations in which waste from on-site is composted and the finished compost is used on-site.

Legislation Last Updated: December 7, 2016

Primary State Contact:

Allan Moore

Utah Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste

PO Box 144880

Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4880

(801) 536-0211

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: N/A

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STATE: VERMONT

Regulatory Agency: Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Vermont Regulations

State Regulations (Website): N/A

State Law/Legislation Code: Rule Number: 11P-03: Subchapter 11

Permit Requirements: Registration or certification, depending on site specific facility specifications

Permit Exemptions: See § 6-1103 Organics Management Certification Exemptions

Legislation Last Updated: March 15, 2012

Primary State Contact:

Dennis Fekert

Chief, Certification and Compliance

Vermont Solid Waste Management Program

(802) 522-0195

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Organic Materials

Resources: Composting Association of Vermont, Master Composter

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STATE: VIRGINIA

Regulatory Agency: Virginia Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Virginia Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Virginia Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: 9VAC20-81

Permit Requirements: Solid Waste Compost Facility Permit

Permit Exemptions: See 9 VAC 20-81-95 (7)

Legislation Last Updated: January 27, 2016

Primary State Contact:

Jenny L. Poland

Solid Waste Permit Writer

DEQ Blue Ridge Regional Office (Roanoke)

3019 Peters Creek Road

Roanoke, VA 24019

(540) 562.6890

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: N/A

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STATE: WASHINGTON

Regulatory Agency: State of Washington Department of Ecology

State Composting Regulations (PDF): N/A

State Regulations (Website): Washington Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Title 173, Chapter 173-350, Section 173-350-220
Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used.

Permit Exemptions: Exemptions are based on feedstock type and volume, and whether the material is distributed off-site or used on-site. See WAC 173-350-220 (1)(b)(i)-(x)

Legislation Last Updated: June 1, 2013

Primary State Contact:

Mary Harrington

Department of Ecology, HQ

Waste 2 Resources Program

P.O. Box 47600

Olympia WA 98504-7600

[email protected]

Tel: 360.407.6915

Fax: 360.407.6102

Composting Programs: Organics Materials Management

Resources: Washington Organics Recycling Council (WORC)

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STATE: WEST VIRGINIA

Regulatory Agency: West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection

State Composting Regulations (PDF): West Virginia Regulations

State Regulations (Website): West Virginia Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Chapter 22. Environmental Resources Article 15.

Permit Requirements: Solid Waste Facilities Permitting

Permit Exemptions: Residential Composting Activities

Legislation Last Updated: March 2016

Primary State Contact:

Sudhir D. Patel

Department of Environmental Protection

Division of Water and Waste Management

601 57th Street SE

Charleston, WV 25304

(304) 926-0499 EXT.1295

Fax: (304) 926-0477

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: N/A

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STATE: WISCONSIN

Regulatory Agency: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Wisconsin Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Wisconsin Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: NR 502.12

Permit Requirements: Permit process varies based on size of facility, type of material composted, and composting process used. See specific compost rules and regulation information

Permit Exemptions: Household Composting and those outlined in NR 502.12 (2)-(7)

Legislation Last Updated: June 1, 2012

Primary State Contact:

Casey Lamensky

Recycling and Solid Waste Section

Bureau of Waste and Materials Management

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

P.O. Box 7921

Madison, WI 53707

(608) 267-7574

[email protected]

Composting Programs: Wisconsin Composting Overview

Resources: Composting Publications

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STATE: WYOMING

Regulatory Agency: Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality

State Composting Regulations (PDF): Wyoming Regulations

State Regulations (Website): Wyoming Regulations

State Law/Legislation Code: Rule 020.0009.10.05251995

Permit Requirements: A Chapter 6 permit may be required pending type of material composted and composting process used.

Permit Exemptions: Backyard Composting

Legislation Last Updated: July 24, 2015

Primary State Contact:

Robert A. Doctor, PG

Program Manager

Solid Waste Permitting and Corrective Action

152 North Durbin, Suite 100

Casper, WY 82601

(307)473-3468

Fax (307) 473-3458

[email protected]

Composting Programs: N/A

Resources: Plan of Operation Checklist for Compost Facilities

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